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What is a concept map? Definition, features, benefits and examples

Xuan Pang

In the realm of knowledge management and learning, concept maps emerge as powerful tools for organizing and visualizing ideas and information. They are graphical tools that represent knowledge in a structured manner, linking concepts and ideas through words and phrases to form a comprehensive map of understanding.

What is a Concept Map?

A concept map is essentially a visual representation of how different concepts are related to one another. It typically starts with a main idea or concept and branches out to show how that main idea can be broken down into specific subtopics. This method of representation aids in simplifying complex concepts, making them more digestible and easier to understand.

Key Features of a Concept Map


Creating an effective concept map involves incorporating several key elements:

  • Central Theme: At the core of every concept map is the central theme or main idea. It’s the starting point from which all other concepts branch out.

  • Concepts: These are usually represented by words or phrases enclosed in circles or boxes, connected to the central theme and each other.

  • Connecting Lines: Lines or arrows are used to connect different concepts, signifying the relationship between them.

  • Words on Lines: Descriptive words or linking phrases on the connecting lines clarify the nature of the relationship between concepts.

The Benefits of Using Concept Maps


Concept maps offer numerous advantages, particularly in educational and professional settings:

  • Enhanced Learning and Comprehension: They enable users to visualize complex information, making it easier to understand and remember.

  • Organization of Ideas: Concept maps help in structuring thoughts and ideas systematically.

  • Stimulates Creative Thinking: By visually laying out ideas, concept maps encourage exploration of new connections and perspectives.

Examples of a Concept Map

Depending on your situation, you can choose from one of four main types of concept maps:

  • Spider mapping: A spider concept map is organized by putting the central theme or idea in the center of the document, with subtopics branching out from the center theme. It’s typically the easiest type of concept map to make and understand.


  • Flowcharting: A flowchart concept map presents information in a linear format.


  • System mapping: A systems concept map presents information in a flowchart-like format with the addition of inputs and outputs throughout the diagram. These types of concept maps are considered the most thorough presentation of data.


  • Hierarchy mapping: In a hierarchy concept map, information is presented in descending order of importance from top to bottom. General data is placed at the top and becomes more specific as it moves down.


How to Make a Concept Map?

  • Identify the Central Theme: Start by defining the main idea or question your map will address.

  • List Key Concepts: Jot down all relevant concepts or ideas related to the main theme.

  • Organize and Connect Concepts: Arrange the concepts around the central theme and draw connecting lines to show relationships.

  • Refine and Elaborate: Add descriptive phrases on the connecting lines and adjust the layout for clarity and coherence.

App Recommendation: AFFiNE


AFFiNE is a cutting-edge concept map app that is designed to assist you in organizing, managing, and cooperating on tasks, projects, and information when trying to understand a concept. What sets AFFiNE apart is that it is a free and open-source program that employs offline technology to ensure that it is accessible to all users.

Key features:

  • Write, Draw, and Plan All-in-One: Enjoy your all-in-one KnowledgeOS solution for effortlessly writing, drawing, and planning on a hyper-fused platform. It supports kanban, table, rich-text paragraphs as building blocks to form pages or whiteboards. It carries out integrated processing here in document editing, data processing, or brainstorming.


  • Collaborative Capabilities: For group work, the app should have collaborative features, making it easy to share and coordinate concept maps with others in your group work.


  • Offline Accessibility: The best concept map maker should allow users to access their essential details offline. This feature is particularly valuable when going outside with limited internet connectivity.


  • Diversified concept maps templates: In our upcoming 0.11 release, we've curated a collection of the most requested templates, including Gantt chart, Project Tracking Kanban, Monthly Calendar, Flowchart, and many more. 📚





Currently, AFFiNE has released its stable version, but we are continuing to build to a more feature-rich and stable build. Come and join us on our journey over on our media platforms.

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